Program e content + 2007
Line 3.1. Best practice networks for geographic information
Plan4All will be focused on the harmonisation data of spatial planning based on best practices in the EU. This will involve description, summarising, optimisation and harmonisation of European standards of data for spatial planning, based on previously collected and analysed experiences and then seeking to define common procedures and methodologies for spatial data sharing and utilisation cross Europe new spatial planning data standards for the EU. This data sharing will support mainly real estate business and investment across Europe
In general, the work on was separated into two parts:
Description, summarising, optimisation and harmonisation of European standards of data for spatial planning
Defining common procedures and methodologies for sharing and utilisation cross Europe new spatial planning data standards for the EU.
Spatial planning is defined as the comprehensive, coordinating spatially-oriented planning on all spatial scales (national – local). In contrast to the broad, comprehensive character of spatial planning, several sectoral planning authorities are in charge of single spatially relevant topics (e. g. forestry, water management, geological survey, landscape, transport etc.). Due to the programmatic character spatial planning has on the national level, Plan4ALL will be focused on the following more detailed spatial scales:
A. Regional Planning: Regional planning is the task of settling the spatial or physical structure and development by drawing up regional plans as an integrated part of a formalized planning system of a state. Regional planning is required to specify the aims of spatial planning, at an upper, overarching level. The regional level represents the vital link between a state-wide perspective on development and the concrete decisions on land uses taken at a local level within the land-use planning of the municipalities. Its textual and cartographic determinations and information normally range in the scales of 1:50,000 to 1:100,000.
B. Local Land-use planning: Local land use planning is the creation of policies at a local/municipal level that guide the land and resource use inside the administrative borders of the municipality in charge of this task. Sometimes “urban planning” is used as a synonym. The main instrument of land-use planning is zoning or zoning ordinances, respectively. Land-use planning is situated below the regional planning level and consist normally of two stages: First a general or preparatory land-use plan (scale 1: 5,000 – 1: 50,000) for the whole municipality and second a detailed land-use plan for small part of it, mostly legally binding (scale 1: 500 – 1: 5,000).
The main data themes, which is covered by spatial planning is
4. Land use (Annex 3)- Territory characterised according to its current and future planned functional dimension or socio-economic purpose (e.g. residential, industrial, commercial, agricultural, forestry, recreational).
However spatial planning address more themes from, which are related to the spatial planning. It could be mentioned
6. Utility and governmental services - Includes utility facilities such as sewage, waste management, energy supply and water supply, administrative and social governmental services such as public administrations, civil protection sites, schools and hospitals.
8. Production and industrial facilities - Industrial production sites, including installations covered by Council Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (1) and water abstraction facilities, mining, storage sites.
9. Agricultural and aquaculture facilities - Farming equipment and production facilities (including irrigation systems, greenhouses and stables).
11. Area management/restriction/regulation zones and reporting units - Areas managed, regulated or used for reporting at international, European, national, regional and local levels. Includes dumping sites, restricted areas around drinking water sources, nitrate-vulnerable zones, regulated fairways at sea or large inland waters, areas for the dumping of waste, noise restriction zones, prospecting and mining permit areas, river basin districts, relevant reporting units and coastal zone management areas.
12. Natural risk zones
Vulnerable areas characterised according to natural hazards (all atmospheric, hydrologic, seismic, volcanic and wildfire phenomena that, because of their location, severity, and frequency, have the potential to seriously affect society), e.g. floods, landslides and subsidence, avalanches, forest fires, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions.
18. Habitats and biotopes
Geographical areas characterised by specific ecological conditions, processes, structure, and (life support) functions
that physically support the organisms that live there. Includes terrestrial and aquatic areas distinguished by
geographical, abiotic and biotic features, whether entirely natural or semi-natural.
19. Species distribution
Geographical distribution of occurrence of animal and plant species aggregated by grid, region, administrative unit or other analytical unit.
20. Energy resources
Energy resources including hydrocarbons, hydropower, bio-energy, solar, wind, etc., where relevant including depth/height information on the extent of the resource.
21. Mineral resources
Mineral resources including metal ores, industrial minerals, etc., where relevant including depth/height information on the extent of the resource.
The main focus on Plan4all will be on next steps:
Analysis of different user group need related to data from special planning
Analysis of data models used in different countries for spatial planning on regional and local level
Analysis of needs for common model for cross border territorial decision and cross border
Analysis of pan European needs for spatial planning data harmonisation from the point of view of interest of real estate business and international investors
Design of common European data model for spatial planning including theme 4 and other important themes, which seems to be important for spatial planning
Design of European Spatial metadata profile as extension of INSPIRE profile (there already exist experience with this from Czech R.)
Design of networking infrastructure based on INSPIRE recommendation
Testing of interoperability based on current infrastructure
Testing of interoperability on vertical level
Testing of interoperability on horizontal level
Spatial planning data forum building
Relation to standardisation initiatives
Relation to European projects
Promotion of standards to other regions
Expected team composition
Regions or manipulates with existing SDI for spatial planning covering minimally 15 European countries
Spatial planning association
Real estate business or real estate business association
Expected budget between 1,5 M Euro and 2.5 M Euro (EC contribution cover 80% of cost without overheadé)
Period 2.5 years